Polygon, a key player in Ethereum’s scaling solutions, has taken a giant leap forward by developing a Type 1 prover, a technology that enables Ethereum chains, including optimistic rollups, to harness zero-knowledge proof (ZK-proofs) for layer-2 functionality. This innovation allows for significantly cheaper and more efficient transactions, with costs averaging between $0.002 to $0.003 per transaction.
The breakthrough was announced after a year of development in collaboration with Toposware. Polygon co-founder Brendan Farmer highlighted that this technology, which is now open-source and accessible on GitHub, marks a significant milestone in making any Ethereum chain, including Layer 1 and other Layer 1 alternatives, upgradeable to a zkEVM Layer 2. This upgrade enables seamless, trustless connectivity to both Ethereum and Polygon’s aggregation layer, integrating more deeply into the Polygon ecosystem.
Contrary to the previous industry skepticism regarding the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of a Layer 1 prover, Polygon’s development team has successfully achieved remarkable efficiency and cost reduction. This advancement not only challenges prior assumptions but also opens up new possibilities for the Ethereum ecosystem, including the ability for any Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) chain to generate ZK-proofs.
The significance of this technology extends beyond efficiency and cost savings; it serves as a public good for the Ethereum community by eliminating the need for users and services to run a full node. This could potentially allow for the verification of transactions through simpler means, like a web browser, without compromising on security.
Polygon’s initiative aligns with Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin’s vision for zkEVM, offering the highest level of compatibility with Ethereum. It presents a more user-friendly and capital-efficient solution, particularly for optimistic rollups, by reducing the cost and avoiding the lengthy withdrawal periods associated with these protocols.
Farmer emphasizes Polygon’s commitment to the Ethereum ethos by making this groundbreaking technology open-source, ensuring it is accessible to the wider ecosystem and supporting the collective advancement of Ethereum’s scalability and efficiency.
With this development, Polygon continues to play a pivotal role in the evolution of the Ethereum ecosystem, paving the way for a more scalable, cost-effective, and user-friendly blockchain experience.